NATIVE PLANTS FOR THE
HOPEWELL VALLEY

A sample of native wildflowers, grasses, and ferns for Hopewell Valley Gardens. Selected for value to wildlife, deer resistance, beauty, and adaptability.

Click on the plant's name to be directed to Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center's online database to learn more about each of these plants. This database is searchable by common, scientific, or family name. Each plant is thoroughly described, including planting requirements, wildlife value, and multiple images.

Common Name (follow clickable link with full plant description) Scientific Name Sunlight Requirement Moisture Requirement Deer Resistant?
FERNS        
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Cinnamon Fern Osmunda cinnamomea Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina Partial Shade to Shade Average to Wet Yes
Maidenhair Fern Adiantum pedatum Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Marginal Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Marsh Fern Thelypteris palustris Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Sensitive Fern Onoclea sensibilis Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average Yes
GRASSES        
Big Bluestem Andropogon gerardii Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Bottlebrush Grass Elymus hystrix Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Broadleaved Sedge Carex platyphylla Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Broomsedge Bluestem Andropogon virginicus Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Little Bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Northern Sea Oats Chasmanthium latifolium Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Panic Grass Panicum virgatum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Pennsylvania Sedge Carex pensylvanica Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Purple Lovegrass Eragrostis spectabilis Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
SHRUBS        
American Hazelnut Corylus americana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Bayberry Morella pensylvanica Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Beach Plum Prunus maritima Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average No
Black Chokeberry Photinia melanocarpa Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Black Huckleberry Gaylussacia baccata Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Carolina Rose Rosa carolina Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average No
Common Elderberry Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Flowering Raspberry Rubus odoratus Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Gray Dogwood Cornus racemosa Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Highbush Blueberry Vaccinium corymbosum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Lowbush Blueberry Vaccinium angustifolium Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Meadowsweet Spiraea alba var. latifolia Sun to Partial Shade Avearge to Wet Yes
Nannyberry Viburnum lentago Sun to Partial Shade Avearge to Dry No
New Jersey Tea Ceanothus americanus Sun to Partial Shade Avearge to Dry No
Northern Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Red Chokeberry Photinia pyrifolia Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Red-osier Dogwood Cornus sericea Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Serviceberry Amelanchier canadensis Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Silky Dogwood Cornus amomum Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Smooth Alder Alnus serrulata Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Spicebush Lindera benzoin Partial Shade to Shade Average to Wet No
Sweet Pepperbush Clethra alnifolia Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Sweetfern Comptonia peregrina Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Virginia Rose Rosa virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Virginia Sweetspire Itea virginica Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Wild Hydrangea Hydrangea arborescens Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Winterberry Ilex verticillata Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average No
Witch-hazel Hamamelis virginiana Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No
TREES        
American Basswood Tilia americana Sun to Partial Shade Average No
American Holly Ilex opaca Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
American Sycamore Platanus occidentalis Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Eastern Red Cedar Juniperus virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Flowering Dogwood Cornus florida Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Ironwood Carpinus caroliniana Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Pawpaw Asimina triloba Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Redbud Cercis canadensis Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Sassafras Sassafras albidum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Sugar Maple Acer saccharum Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Sweetbay Magnolia Magnolia virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
White Oak Quercus alba Sun to Partial Shade Average No
VINES        
Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Groundnut Apios americana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Virgin's Bower Clematis Clematis virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
WILDFLOWERS        
Adam's Needle Yucca filamentosa Sun to Partial Shade Dry Yes
Alumroot Heuchera americana Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Anise Hyssop Agastache foeniculum Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Sun to Partial Shade Dry Yes
Beebalm Monarda didyma Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Big Leaf Aster Eurybia macrophylla Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No
Black Cohosh Actaea racemosa Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Blue False Indigo Baptisia australis Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Blue Flag Iris versicolor Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Blue Wood Aster Symphyotrichum cordifolium Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No
Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average No
Butterfly Milkweed Asclepias tuberosa Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Cardinal Flower Lobelia cardinalis Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average Yes
Clustered Mountain-Mint Pycnanthemum muticum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Common Milkweed Asclepias syriaca Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Culver's Root Veronicastrum virginicum Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Eastern Red Columbine Aquilegia canadensis Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Foxglove Beardtongue Penstemon digitalis Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Golden Alexanders Zizia aurea Partial Shade to Shade Average No
Golden Ragwort Packera aurea Partial Shade to Shade Average to Wet Yes
Great Blue Lobelia Lobelia siphilitica Partial Shade to Shade Average to Wet Yes
Green-and-Gold Chrysogonum virginianum Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Hairy Beardtongue Penstemon hirsutus Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Helen's Flower Helenium autumnale Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average Yes
Horsemint Monarda punctata Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Hyssop-leaved Boneset Eupatorium hyssopifolium Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum Partial Shade to Shade Average No
Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium fistulosum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet No
Late Boneset Eupatorium serotinum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Marsh Marigold Caltha palustris Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average No
Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Mitrewort Mitella diphylla Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Monkey Flower Mimulus ringensĀ  Partial Shade to Shade Wet to Average Yes
New England Aster Symphyotrichum novae-angliae Sun to Partial Shade Average No
New York Ironweed Vernonia noveboracensis Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Paleleaf Woodland Sunflower Helianthus strumosus Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average No
Prickly Pear Cactus Opuntia humifusa Sun to Partial Shade Dry Yes
Purple Blazing Star Liatris spicata Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Purple Giant Hyssop Agastache scrophulariifolia Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Purple Joe-Pye Eutrochium purpureum Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Purple Mistflower Conoclinium coelestinum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Rose Mallow Hibiscus moscheutos Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Rue Anemone Thalictrum thalictroides Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Solomon's Seal Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No
Spikenard Aralia racemosa Partial Shade to Shade Average No
Spotted Joe-Pye Eupatoriadelphus maculatus Sun to Partial Shade Average to Wet Yes
Stoneroot Collinsonia canadensis Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Sundrops Oenothera fruticosa Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Swamp Milkweed Asclepias incarnata Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
Turk's Cap Lily Lilium superbum Sun to Partial Shade Average No
Virginia Mountain-mint Pycnanthemum virginianum Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Orange Coneflower Rudbeckia fulgida Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
Cutleaf Coneflower Rudbeckia Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry No
White Turtlehead Chelone glabra Sun to Partial Shade Wet to Average Yes
White Wood Aster Eurybia divaricata Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No
Wild Bergamot Monarda fistulosa Sun to Partial Shade Average Yes
Wild Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Wild Geranium Geranium maculatum Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Wild Ginger Asarum canadense Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry Yes
Wild Leek Allium tricoccum Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Wild Stonecrop Sedum ternatum Partial Shade to Shade Average Yes
Wild Strawberry Fragaria virginiana Sun to Partial Shade Average to Dry Yes
Woodland Sunflower Helianthus divaricatus Sun to Partial Shade Dry to Average Yes
Wreath Goldenrod Solidago caesia Partial Shade to Shade Average to Dry No

Private Lands Stewardship Program

monkeyflower
Monkeyflower in a wildflower meadow Photo: Rachel Mackow

black cohosh
Black cohosh hosts the Applacian azure butterfly

foamflower
Foamflower can create a beautiful groundcover. Photo: Rachel Mackow

native grasses
Native grasses can be used to create neat borders and structure to the garden

yard
Hard to maintain areas of the yard can be beautified and naturalized with native plants

catepillar
Many native plants host spectacular caterpillars and butterflies. Here, a Baltimore checkerspot nibbles on white turtleheads. Photo: Rachel Mackow

bottlebrush
Bottlebrush grass adds a tall element to a part-shade to shade garden

blueberry species
Blueberry species draw native pollinators to their white blooms


2016/2017 Deer Management Program and Public Access Limitations tax incentive program Baldpate Mountain Forest Stewardship Plan